What are the causes of climate change? Why scientists say humans are to blame | مركز سمت للدراسات

What are the causes of climate change? Why scientists say humans are to blame

Date & time : Wednesday, 25 January 2023

Dinah Voyles Pulver

Scientists around the world are striving to learn more about how rising average temperatures worldwide influence the weather. They say it’s increasingly likely that climate change is making weather events more intense, more frequent or of longer duration.

It’s punching up temperatures in heat waves and adding some percentage of rainfall to intense storms. It also may cause weather events to occur outside times or locations where they typically happened in the past.

But what is causing climate change? Why are global temperatures rising? And is the warming climate to blame for wild weather events? Here’s some key information: 

What does climate change mean?

Weather is what you see outside the window. Climate is what occurs in an area over years or decades. Climate change is the difference seen in long-term trends in air, water and ocean temperatures and longer-term weather patterns.

Monitoring stations around the world add to a growing trove of information that reveals how temperature and rainfall are changing. Some have decades of measurements, while others have more than a century of data. In Japan, they’ve recorded the start of the cherry tree bloom for more than 1,200 years.

Scientists use these historical records to study the rise in global average temperatures. For example, records show how sap rises earlier in maple treesor when wildfire seasons start earlier. They know warmer temperatures delay ice formation on the Great Lakes, when the warmer water temperatures fuel more lake effect snow.

What is the most important cause of climate change?

The biggest influence on the planet’s changing climate is the release of emissions into the atmosphere from burning oil, gas and coal to move people and goods from place to place and to create energy, according to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

Here’s how that works:

  • Carbon dioxide and other naturally occurring gases have always existed in the atmosphere, keeping the world warm just as a greenhouse keeps tropical plants alive in the winter. Scientists see that “greenhouse effect” in ice cores, sediments and tree rings.
  • Modern day measurements show CO2 emissions are rising. Since 1958, the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere measured at the Mauna Loa Observatory in Hawaii has grown from 316 parts per million to 417  parts per million.
  • Measured in such small amounts, the change might seem minuscule. However, because CO2 has risen by more than 30% percent, NASA and other say the changes are having an out-sized impact on global average temperatures.
  • National and international studies document how excess carbon dioxide traps excess energy and causes the planet to get hotter faster.


Source: usatoday


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